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Influence of adjuvant Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in veterans – results from a randomized control study

Even thirty or more years after the end of a war, veterans can suffer from their dramatic, humiliating, and life-threatening experiences. The experiences might be such to impact their life also now. If for instance veterans report symptoms of sleep disturbances, impulsivity, restlessness, nightmares, intrusive thoughts, lack of concentration, negative …

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Differences in baseline and process variables between non-responders and responders in Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic tinnitus

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is one of the psychological treatments for tinnitus with the best empirical evidence of efficacy (Cima, Andersson, Schmidt, & Henry, 2014) and cost effectiveness (Maes et al., 2014). Although CBT has been demonstrated to be effective, there are specific barriers in tinnitus patients seeking psychotherapy in …

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Brief report: Sudden gains in Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy and Group Psychotherapy for Social Anxiety Disorder among College Students

Studying patterns of symptom change in psychotherapy has potentials for identifying how specific theory-driven treatment techniques and non-specific factors (i.e., those that are common across treatment modalities, such as the therapeutic alliance) interact to create change over the course of treatment; which has important implications for enhancing treatment effectiveness  (Kazdin, …

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Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy and Acceptability of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Arab Adult Populations Experiencing Anxiety, Depression or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Little is known about the response of Arab adults to psychological treatments. One psychological treatment that may be compatible with Arabs preferences for a short-term and directed psychological treatment that focuses on practical skills is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT is an effective psychological treatment for anxiety, depression and PTSD …

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Development and evaluation of a scale assessing therapist fidelity to guidelines for delivering therapist-assisted Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy

Do therapists who deliver therapist-assisted Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (ICBT) adhere to specific behaviours when delivering this service? What is the quality of the therapeutic assistance provided in ICBT? Do raters agree on therapist competence in delivering ICBT and what factors are associated with greater therapist competence with this mode …

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Identifying the role of sociodemographic factors in major depressive disorder and suicidality among Spanish-speaking Latino patients in a federally qualified health center

Rates of suicide and major depressive disorder (MDD) are currently at the highest point in the history of the United States (US). However, these rates are not distributed evenly among the population and Latinos show disproportionately high rates of both suicide and MDD. Yet, past research has infrequently explored factors …

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Augmenting treatment efficiency in exposure therapy for PTSD: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of yohimbine HCl

The alpha-2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, yohimbine, can facilitate fear extinction in animals and humans. One potential mechanism is increased noradrenergic activity and associated arousal in the presence of conditioned stimuli. Accordingly, yohimbine might augment prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), where heightened exposure-oriented arousal is a theorized …

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Meta-analysis of the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the core eating disorder maintaining mechanisms: Implications for mechanisms of therapeutic change

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most effective psychological treatment for a variety of eating disorder presentations in adults. However, little is known about how, why, or through what mechanisms, CBT achieves its effects. The cognitive theory that underpins cognitive-behavioural treatment proposes that CBT “works” through modifying dietary restraint and dysfunctional …

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