Recent Posts

Personal practice in counselling and CBT trainees: The self-perceived impact of personal therapy and self-practice/self-reflection on personal and professional development

What’s best for therapy trainees – personal therapy or self-practice/self-reflection? For over a hundred years, it’s been part of tradition and belief in many schools of psychotherapy that personal therapy is central to the development of effective therapist skills. For instance Freud wrote: “But where and how is the poor …

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Efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy interventions on reducing burden for caregivers of older adults with a neurocognitive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The aging population is one of the great challenges that our western societies will have to face in the decades to come. Since age is the main risk factor for most neurocognitive disorders, more individuals will require assistance and care due to the associated cognitive, behavioural and psychological symptoms, and …

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The moderating effect of age on the associations of cognitive and metacognitive beliefs with pediatric OCD symptoms

Two categories of beliefs have been found to be important to the development and maintenance of adult and pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): cognitive beliefs and metacognitive beliefs. Cognitive beliefs refer to general or social beliefs, and noteworthy beliefs relevant to OCD symptoms include exaggerated personal responsibility, intolerance of uncertainty, and …

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Objective Analysis of Language Use in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Associations with Symptom Change in Adults with Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders and Posttraumatic Stress

What People Say: A Study of the Predictive Value of Language Use on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Outcomes among Individuals with Substance Use Disorders and Posttraumatic Stress Substance use disorders (SUD) rarely manifest in isolation. People with substance use disorder (SUD) often struggle with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The most …

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One Factor? Two Factor? Bi-Factor? A psychometric evaluation of the Frost Multidimensional Scale and the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire

Perfectionism is associated with anxiety, depression and eating disorders.  Despite this, many researchers have argued there are benefits to being a perfectionist.  The research however is not clear whether there are benefits because the components within perfectionism appear to be overlapping, which challenges the idea that that being perfectionist is …

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The Dose-Response Curve in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health disorders, affecting upwards of 15 million people in the United States each year. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered a first-line treatment for anxiety disorders, yet not everyone who receives this treatment actually benefits from it. To further complicate matters, therapists delivering CBT …

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