Article

Obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cigarette smoking: An initial cross-sectional test of mechanisms of co-occurrence

According to the World Health Organization, over one billion people in the world engage in smoking behavior, despite the negative consequences. As such, smoking remains a sizable public health challenge that warrants creative approaches to reducing this problem behavior. The current study tested a novel model that links smoking behavior …

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Clinical supervision in Cognitive Behavior Therapy improves therapists’ competence: A single-case experimental pilot study

Clinical psychotherapists typically receive supervision from senior psychotherapists both during training and in their subsequent clinical practice. Supervision typically involves discussing challenging patient cases, new treatment methods and other issues related to the practical work of psychotherapists. Clinical supervision is generally proposed to enhance therapists’ competence, improve treatment outcomes and …

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Smoking and social anxiety: The role of false safety behaviors

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States, contributing to over 440,000 deaths each year. Despite the negative health consequences associated with smoking, most smokers find it difficult to quit. For example, over 40% of the 48 million Americans make a serious cessation attempt …

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Guided self-help CBT, for whom is it effective?

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can effectively treat common mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, insomnia and stress-related disorders. However, access to treatment is low and few patients receive adequate treatment. Studies show that CBT is an effective treatment also when delivered as guided self-help, where therapists give support to some …

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Evaluation of The Practitioner Online Referral and Treatment Service (PORTS): The first 18 months of a state-wide digital service for adults with anxiety, depression, or substance use problems

Research shows that cognitive behaviour therapy can be successfully delivered via the internet or telephone. Across the world, digital mental health services are now being implemented as part of routine care. One such digital mental health service is the Practitioner Online Referral and Treatment Service (PORTS). PORTS was commissioned by …

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Efficacy evaluation of exercise as an augmentation strategy to brief behavioral activation treatment for depression: A randomized pilot trial

Major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders are some of the most commonly occurring mental health conditions in the US.  Exercise, particularly at a moderate intensity (like brisk walking), has been found to be effective in reducing depression and anxiety as well as enhancing quality of life. However, it is unclear …

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An expert consensus on the most effective components of cognitive behavioural therapy for adults with depression: A modified Delphi study

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depression but many people still cannot access therapy. Delivering CBT via the internet has the potential to provide a widely accessible and cost-effective solution to improving access to psychological treatment. Whilst some studies have found that computerised CBT is acceptable to …

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Trajectory of change in anxiety sensitivity in relation to anxiety, depression, and quality of life among persons living with HIV/AIDS following transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy

Treatment of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the progression to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has changed drastically over the past few decades. Indeed, HIV/AIDS has transitioned from a near “death sentence” into a chronic condition that can be managed. Due to treatment advances, people living with HIV/AIDS can live …

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