Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy and Acceptability of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Arab Adult Populations Experiencing Anxiety, Depression or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Little is known about the response of Arab adults to psychological treatments. One psychological treatment that may be compatible with Arabs preferences for a short-term and directed psychological treatment that focuses on practical skills is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT is an effective psychological treatment for anxiety, depression and PTSD …

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Development and evaluation of a scale assessing therapist fidelity to guidelines for delivering therapist-assisted Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy

Do therapists who deliver therapist-assisted Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (ICBT) adhere to specific behaviours when delivering this service? What is the quality of the therapeutic assistance provided in ICBT? Do raters agree on therapist competence in delivering ICBT and what factors are associated with greater therapist competence with this mode …

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Identifying the role of sociodemographic factors in major depressive disorder and suicidality among Spanish-speaking Latino patients in a federally qualified health center

Rates of suicide and major depressive disorder (MDD) are currently at the highest point in the history of the United States (US). However, these rates are not distributed evenly among the population and Latinos show disproportionately high rates of both suicide and MDD. Yet, past research has infrequently explored factors …

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The role of personal practice in therapist skill development: A model to guide therapists, educators, supervisors and researchers

Personal practice for therapists – should it be a core part of our training and professional development? During the twentieth century, personal therapy was just about the only recognised personal practice option for therapists (Rønnestad, Orlinsky, & Wiseman, 2016). It was (and still is) a mandatory requirement in some schools …

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Pain-related anxiety and opioid misuse in a racially/ethnically diverse young adult sample with moderate/severe pain

Pain problems are a significant public health problem, as they are related to increased healthcare cost, decreased productivity, and opioid misuse. With opioid-related problems and death due to overdose at an all-time high, there is significant public health importance to identify risk factors for opioid misuse among persons with moderate …

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Augmenting treatment efficiency in exposure therapy for PTSD: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of yohimbine HCl

The alpha-2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, yohimbine, can facilitate fear extinction in animals and humans. One potential mechanism is increased noradrenergic activity and associated arousal in the presence of conditioned stimuli. Accordingly, yohimbine might augment prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), where heightened exposure-oriented arousal is a theorized …

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Meta-analysis of the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the core eating disorder maintaining mechanisms: Implications for mechanisms of therapeutic change

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most effective psychological treatment for a variety of eating disorder presentations in adults. However, little is known about how, why, or through what mechanisms, CBT achieves its effects. The cognitive theory that underpins cognitive-behavioural treatment proposes that CBT “works” through modifying dietary restraint and dysfunctional …

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Linguistic Analysis of Patients with Mood and Anxiety Disorders During Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Patients’ words reflect their depression and anxiety We express ourselves in words, intentionally as well as unintentionally, and verbal behavior is influenced by emotional, cognitive and personality factors. Furthermore, words are the essential medium of psychotherapy. Up till now, language has mainly been investigated qualitatively, however, progress in the field …

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