Intolerance of uncertainty, also termed fear of the unknown, may be an important tool to address in therapy. The present study tested for diagnostic differences in two forms of intolerance of uncertainty and examined if changes in the forms of intolerance of uncertainty contribute to improved treatment outcomes. Participants were patients undergoing care in a large behavioral health partial hospital program. Results suggest that at the start of treatment, those with a diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder showed higher scores on two forms of intolerance of uncertainty than those without the diagnosis, but there were no post-treatment or change in treatment differences in intolerance of uncertainty. The results also revealed that both forms of intolerance of uncertainty were linked with improved outcomes. Findings reveal that intolerance of uncertainty may be an important treatment target as changes contribute to gains in treatment.
Read the full paper: Stevens, K., Rogers, T., Campbell, M., Björgvinsson, T., & Kertz, S. (2017). A transdiagnostic examination of decreased intolerance of uncertainty and treatment outcome. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 1-15. doi:10.1080/16506073.2017.1338311
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