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2018

Relationships between health behaviours, posttraumatic stress disorder, and comorbid general anxiety and depression

Researchers consistently find a relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical health problems, including (but not limited to) chronic pain, obesity, diabetes, and heart attacks. One possible explanation for this relationship is that people with PTSD take part in more unhealthy behaviours (e.g., illicit drug use, excessive drinking) and …

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“Phobie à deux” and other reasons why clinicians do not apply exposure with response prevention in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder

The best way to overcome one’s fears and concerns is to confront them. This is as straightforward as it is true. Many studies show that exposure with response prevention (ERP) is the most efficacious treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a mental illness characterized by intrusive thoughts (e.g., fears about getting …

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Efficacy of brief guided self-help cognitive behavioral treatment for perfectionism in reducing perinatal depression and anxiety: A randomized controlled trial

Depression affects at least 10% of women in pregnancy, and the negative impact of post-natal depression and anxiety on mothers and babies is well documented. Women are often very short of time in this demanding period of their life, and examining if a very brief, self-help approach to treatment is …

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Interactive Effects of Cumulative Lifetime Traumatic Brain Injuries and Combat Exposure on Posttraumatic Stress among Deployed Military Personnel

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an individual experiences an impact or jolt to the head immediately followed by a transient loss of consciousness, alteration of consciousness (e.g., feeling dizzy or confused), or disruption of memory. Importantly, a growing body of work suggests that individuals who experience one or …

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Influence of adjuvant Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in veterans – results from a randomized control study

Even thirty or more years after the end of a war, veterans can suffer from their dramatic, humiliating, and life-threatening experiences. The experiences might be such to impact their life also now. If for instance veterans report symptoms of sleep disturbances, impulsivity, restlessness, nightmares, intrusive thoughts, lack of concentration, negative …

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Differences in baseline and process variables between non-responders and responders in Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic tinnitus

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is one of the psychological treatments for tinnitus with the best empirical evidence of efficacy (Cima, Andersson, Schmidt, & Henry, 2014) and cost effectiveness (Maes et al., 2014). Although CBT has been demonstrated to be effective, there are specific barriers in tinnitus patients seeking psychotherapy in …

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Do eating disorder voice characteristics predict treatment outcomes in anorexia nervosa? A pilot study.

Eating disorder cognitions are frequently reported as a symptom of the condition. Individuals often go further in their descriptions and commonly report something more than simply cognitions, but rather describe the phenomenon of an ‘eating disorder voice’. This voice is much like a commentator accompanying one through their day-today experience, …

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